As a species, humans are creative. Other ways of monitoring time, to ensure that people knew when certain events were prone to happen have been in existence for a long time. Many still use the moon cycles to plant vegetables, believing that this gives the greatest results.
Structures, such as Stonehenge, in England, mark the summer solstice, as well as in the Orkneys there is an ancient site in which the midwinter sun hits the rear of the stone chamber. This means that that humans have needed, or wanted, to have some idea of where they were in the year. In the modern world where most live remotely from the production of food there is little need to know such dates. Yet everyone wants to celebrate their birthday every year as well as other important dates. It would seem that as a species humans have to be able to pinpoint where they are.
The lunar cycles certainly are a clumsy twenty nine point fifty three days. Not the simplest number to divide evenly.The traditional Egyptians tried twelve equal sized months. Actually they’d three calendars. In the first, your day the crescent of the moon had not been longer visible at dawn in the east was first day of that month. The next was a dry erase wall calendars employed for administrative purposes. The 3rd was based on lunar cycles covering twenty five years. This complexity suggests there was keen observation of the behavior of the sun and moon having a recognition the moon has more manageable routines to mark time.
The Julian Dry Erase Wall Calendars was close to matching the awkwardness of the numbers involved but gradually grew out of syn with the real seasons. The monks of the Christian church had the leisure to do the science but were discourages from bothering about something secular.
The issue is there are 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds every year. Pope Gregory, in 1582, offered an answer with the Gregorian Dry Erase Wall Calendars which most follow now. It created some opposition because the populace believe it is an attempt to misinform them concerning the real holy days when religious obligations were needed. So it wasn’t until the eighteenth century that this Dry Erase Wall Calendars was adopted. The Chinese Dry Erase Wall Calendars was produced centuries ago. It absolutely was based on exact astronomical observation. The longitude of the sun and also the phases of the moon were utilised. As a result it appears to move.